The GHG Platform will measure methane and nitrous oxide emissions from soils and livestock at sites on a range of farm systems and soils across the UK and will include:
Nitrous oxide emissions
from soils, focussing on nitrogen source (fertiliser, manure, urine) and application management (rate, timing, method) across representative soil and climatic regions.
from farm livestock, from the animals (enteric fermentation) and their manures. The focus of measurements will be on sheep, beef and dairy cattle of different breeds and sizes, ages, and production systems (indoors and outdoors), across a range of diets and assessing different manure storage systems.
Information on current farm practices and evidence for the effectiveness of ways to reduce CH4
O emissions will also be collected and analysed:
, including farm practices and spatial agri-environment data, are key to improved reporting. Existing and potential new data sources and methods for their interpretation will be assessed and applied with enhanced emission factors for CH4
will be used to estimate emissions and the effectiveness of changes in farm management at field and farm scale, and to interpolate to the national scale taking account of local climate and soil conditions and management practices.
The evidence collected will be used to inform the structure of an improved reporting system that will calculate CH4
O by agricultural sector and regionally. Close engagement with agricultural industry bodies will be an important part of this programme.